What is the Sozialversicherungsnummer or Rentenversicherungsnummer?

What is the Sozialversicherungsnummer or Rentenversicherungsnummer?

Here is how you obtain your Sozialversicherungsnummer, Versicherungsnummer, Rentenversicherungsnummer or RNVR, the number you must give your employer to get paid.

The Sozialversicherungsnummer, Versicherungsnummer, Rentenversicherungsnummer or RNVR is the German pension insurance number. It's the unique number the german public pension scheme (the Deutsche Rentenversicherung) uses to identify you.

Instead of a single social insurance number, Germany has different identification numbers for health insurance (Krankenversicherung) and pension insurance (Rentenversicherung). This is due to data protection laws1. However, the pension insurance number is often called a social insurance number (Sozialversicherungsnummer)1.

Your employer must have your social insurance number before it can pay you, since they contribute into the public pension scheme in your name. You must have this number before you get paid. If you never had a Versicherungsnummer, your employer can request one for you1.

If you are a privately insured freelancer, you might not have a Versicherungsnummer, because you possibly never contributed to the public pension fund1.

What does the Versicherungsnummer look like?

The German social insurance number has this format: 12 123456 A 1231.

It is divided in 4 parts. The first part is the area number. The second part is your birth date. If you are born on September 23, 1992, it would be "230992". The third part is the first letter of your last name. If your name is John Smith, it would be "S". The fourth part is used to differentiate you from people with the same name and birth date1.

How do I get my Versicherungsnummer?

You get a Versicherungsnummer from your health insurance company. You will get a Versicherungsnummer 2 to 4 weeks after applying for health insurance. To know your number, request a membership confirmation document (Mitgliedsbescheinigung) from your health insurer. You can usually do this online. That document will contain your Sozialversicherungsnummer.

You will also receive a letter from the public pension fund that contains your Versicherungsnummer. This document is called the Sozialversicherungsausweis. Here is a picture of it1:

versicherungsnummer.png#asset:539:contentFullwidth2x

Comments

  • Oct 17th, 2018 Ahcjjaqowibad wrote:

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  • Oct 1st, 2018 Scott wrote:

    Hello,
    I am here in Berlin on a work/travel visa and have Canadian insurance for the one year duration of my visa. Would this be enough to get my social security number? Or is only German insurance allowed? Thank you!!!

  • Sep 21st, 2018 Nicolas Bouliane wrote:

    Hi Valeska. I don't think so. When I came to Germany on a Youth Mobility Visa, I signed up with a German insurance company (TK), as recommended by HR.

  • Sep 19th, 2018 Valeska wrote:

    Hi,
    I have a working and holiday visa, therefore I have an insurance for a year from outside Germany. would be this enough to get my social security number? any chance you know? also where to apply for this, Thanks a lot!!!

  • Sep 10th, 2018 Deisy wrote:

    Wonderful text!!! You helped me a lot, its really clear and accurate, just checked my Mitgliedschaftsbescheinigung from AOK and everything is there. Thanks!!!

  • Sep 5th, 2018 Pinghel Paul Alexandru wrote:

    Deustche rentenversicherung und sozialsversicherungsausweis , danke

  • Aug 29th, 2018 Lili wrote:

    in case of having private insurance, how could we get this number? my insurer has said they dont provide it because it is a private insurance.

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