What is the Sozialversicherungsnummer or Rentenversicherungsnummer?

What is the Sozialversicherungsnummer or Rentenversicherungsnummer?

The Sozialversicherungsnummer, Versicherungsnummer, Rentenversicherungsnummer or RNVR is the German pension insurance number. It's also called a social insurance number.

The German public pension fund (the Deutsche Rentenversicherung) uses this number to identify you. It's a unique number, and it never changes.

Your employer this number to pay you. This is because pension contributions are taken directly from your paycheque. If you never had a Versicherungsnummer, your employer can request one for you1.

If you are a privately insured freelancer, you might not have a Versicherungsnummer, because you possibly never contributed to the public pension fund1.

What does the Versicherungsnummer look like?

The German social insurance number has this format: 12 123456 A 1231.

It is divided in 4 parts. The first part is the area number. The second part is your birth date. If you are born on September 23, 1992, it would be "230992". The third part is the first letter of your last name. If your name is John Smith, it would be "S". The fourth part is used to differentiate you from people with the same name and birth date1.

How do I get my Versicherungsnummer?

With public health insurance

If you have public health insurance, you get a Versicherungsnummer from your health insurance company. You will get it 2 to 4 weeks after you apply for health insurance. To know your number, ask for a membership confirmation document (Mitgliedsbescheinigung) from your health insurer. That document contains your Sozialversicherungsnummer. You can usually do this online.

You will also receive a letter from the public pension fund. That letter contains your Versicherungsnummer. This document is called the Sozialversicherungsausweis. Here is a picture of it1:

versicherungsnummer.png#asset:539:contentFullwidth2x

With Techniker Krankenkasse

If you are with TK, here's how you get your Versicherungsnummer:

  1. Log in to Meine TK
  2. Click on "Bescheinigungen"
  3. Click on "Allgemeine Versicherungsbescheinigung herunterladen"
  4. Click on "Bescheinigung herunterladen"
  5. In the downloaded document, look for your Rentenversicherungsnummer

With private health insurance

If you have private health insurance, and you never had public health insurance before, you probably don't have a Sozialversicherungsnummer yet1. You must request the number from the Deutsche Rentenversicherung1. This can take 2-3 months.

Look on your payslips

You will find your Versicherungsnummer on your payslips (Gehaltsabrechnung). Someone from human resources can help you find it.

Ask your previous employer

If you do not live in Germany anymore, you can contact your last employer. They will know your Versicherungsnummer. It will be on most tax documents you got from your employer. Your tax advisor (Steuerberater) should also know this number.