What is the Sozialversicherungsnummer or Rentenversicherungsnummer?

What is the Sozialversicherungsnummer or Rentenversicherungsnummer?

Here is how you obtain your Sozialversicherungsnummer, Versicherungsnummer, Rentenversicherungsnummer or RNVR, the number you must give your employer to get paid.

The Sozialversicherungsnummer, Versicherungsnummer, Rentenversicherungsnummer or RNVR is the German pension insurance number. It's the unique number the german public pension scheme (the Deutsche Rentenversicherung) uses to identify you.

Instead of a single social insurance number, Germany has different identification numbers for health insurance (Krankenversicherung) and pension insurance (Rentenversicherung). This is due to data protection laws1. However, the pension insurance number is often called a social insurance number (Sozialversicherungsnummer)1.

Your employer must have your social insurance number before it can pay you, since they contribute into the public pension scheme in your name. You must have this number before you get paid. If you never had a Versicherungsnummer, your employer can request one for you1.

If you are a privately insured freelancer, you might not have a Versicherungsnummer, because you possibly never contributed to the public pension fund1.

What does the Versicherungsnummer look like?

The German social insurance number has this format: 12 123456 A 1231.

It is divided in 4 parts. The first part is the area number. The second part is your birth date. If you are born on September 23, 1992, it would be "230992". The third part is the first letter of your last name. If your name is John Smith, it would be "S". The fourth part is used to differentiate you from people with the same name and birth date1.

How do I get my Versicherungsnummer?

With public health insurance

If you have public health insurance, you get a Versicherungsnummer from your health insurance company. You will get it 2 to 4 weeks after you apply for health insurance. To know your number, ask for a membership confirmation document (Mitgliedsbescheinigung) from your health insurer. That document contains your Sozialversicherungsnummer. You can usually do this online.

You will also receive a letter from the public pension fund. That letter contains your Versicherungsnummer. This document is called the Sozialversicherungsausweis. Here is a picture of it1:


With Techniker Krankenkasse

If you are with TK, here's how you get your Versicherungsnummer:

  1. Log in to Meine TK
  2. Click on "Bescheinigungen"
  3. Click on "Allgemeine Versicherungsbescheinigung herunterladen"
  4. Click on "Bescheinigung herunterladen"
  5. In the downloaded document, look for your Rentenversicherungsnummer

With private health insurance

If you have private health insurance, and you never had public health insurance before, you probably don't have a Sozialversicherungsnummer yet1. You must request the number from the Deutsche Rentenversicherung1. This can take 2-3 months.


  • Alexandros Tsipopoulos



    • Reply to Alexandros Tsipopoulos

  • Zaid Rumane

    I got a new social secueiry number recently. I already have onw since more rhan a year i.e when i came to Germany. What should i do?


    • Reply to Zaid Rumane

  • Krishna

    When I started my part time job, I had AOK insurance. I dont remember how I got the Social Security Number. But I moved to Mawista an year back. So will the SSN remain same even if we change the insurances? Should I visit the rentenversicherung to get my SSN ?


    • Reply to Krishna

    • BeBe

      When you apply to a different insurance company they will ask you if already have a social number. If you say no, they will assign you one. If your answer is that you have it they will ask for you to give them that number and you will not get a new one.


      • Reply to BeBe

  • Jeana

    Hello everyone
    What is the use or where to use rentenversicherung nummer


    • Reply to Jeana

  • Luccas Strapasson

    Does a travel insurance type get you these same numbers ?


    • Reply to Luccas Strapasson

  • Jeroen

    @Lili, did you find out already? I'm having the same issue. Employer and Private Health Care provider pointing in each other direction ... So the question: how do you get a Socialversicherungsnummer when you have a Private insurance?


    • Reply to Jeroen

    • Gautam Shahi

      Go to the deutsche rentenversicherung to apply, they will ask for only city registration only.


      • Reply to Gautam Shahi

  • Martin Gillen

    I don't remember my social security number i had in germany from October 1980 to March 1982
    I worked in Uberlingen for wurtebergerer insulerkuf
    Uberlingen on the bodensee
    How can I get that number
    Born in 1955 lived in heligenberg at that time


    • Reply to Martin Gillen

  • Scott

    I am here in Berlin on a work/travel visa and have Canadian insurance for the one year duration of my visa. Would this be enough to get my social security number? Or is only German insurance allowed? Thank you!!!


    • Reply to Scott

  • Nicolas Bouliane

    Hi Valeska. I don't think so. When I came to Germany on a Youth Mobility Visa, I signed up with a German insurance company (TK), as recommended by HR.


    • Reply to Nicolas Bouliane

  • Valeska

    I have a working and holiday visa, therefore I have an insurance for a year from outside Germany. would be this enough to get my social security number? any chance you know? also where to apply for this, Thanks a lot!!!


    • Reply to Valeska

  • Deisy

    Wonderful text!!! You helped me a lot, its really clear and accurate, just checked my Mitgliedschaftsbescheinigung from AOK and everything is there. Thanks!!!


    • Reply to Deisy

  • Pinghel Alexandru

    Deustche rentenversicherung und sozialsversicherungsausweis , danke


    • Reply to Pinghel Alexandru

  • Lili

    in case of having private insurance, how could we get this number? my insurer has said they dont provide it because it is a private insurance.


    • Reply to Lili

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