What is statutory health insurance (gesetzliche Krankenversicherung)?

Statutory health insurance (gesetzliche Krankenversicherung or GKV), or public health insurance is a type of health insurance in Germany. The price statutory health insurance is based on your income. The alternative is private health insurance (private Krankenversicherung or PKV).

Public health insurance companies are often called Krankenkassen.

For more details, see this introduction to German health insurance.