These utility costs (Nebenkosten) are included in your warm rent:
- Hot water (most of the time)
- Trash collection
- Cleaning and landscaping
You pay the estimated utility costs every month with the rent. Every year, your landlord calculates the real costs, and sends you a bill (the Nebenkostenabrechnung). If you paid too much Nebenkosten, you get money back. If you did not pay enough, you get an invoice.