A residence permit (Aufenthaltstitel or Aufenthaltserlaubnis) lets you stay in Germany for more than 90 days. Some residence permits also let you work, study or freelance in Germany. The freelance visa, the artist visa, the work visa, the Blue Card, the student visa and all other Category D visas are residence permits. The tourist visa is not a residence permit.

The residence permit is a plastic card. In the past, it was a sticker in your passport.